Digging Deeper into Scripture: Luke 24:1–12

The resurrection of our Lord, despite the initial disbelief of the disciples, was no surprise. Rather, it was a promise repeated throughout the Old Testament and Christ’s own ministry. Best of all, this is just one of God’s many promises for you! 

Setting the Scene

More than likely, you have either heard or spoken one or more of the following: If you drink your milk, you’ll grow big and tall! If you keep making that face, it’ll freeze that way. It won’t hurt; I promise! Believe it or not, aside from being in a few cases absurd, each of the above statements is a promise. It may not seem so, given that only one of them includes the words “I promise.” But what is a promise except a statement predicting not what might happen but what will happen? We make promises all the time: I’ll be home by 4 p.m. I will never do that again. Sadly, we also break promises all the time. There is one who never breaks a promise: Jesus. Luke’s account of the resurrection of our Lord fulfills a promise. God made this promise through King David: 

Therefore my heart is glad, and my whole being rejoices; my flesh also dwells secure. For You will not abandon my soul to Sheol, or let Your holy one see corruption.

—Psalm 16:9–10

Jesus Himself promises His resurrection in Matthew.

 The Son of Man will be delivered over to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn Him to death and deliver Him over to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified, and He will be raised on the third day.

—Matthew 20:18–19

Mining the Gems

Luke begins his description of Jesus’ resurrection in chapter 24 with the women going to the tomb with spices to anoint Jesus’ body. But upon arriving, they find the stone rolled away and Jesus’ body missing. Verse 4 reads, “While they were perplexed about this, behold, two men stood by them in dazzling apparel.” This seems to contradict the accounts in Matthew and Mark’s Gospels. Matthew mentions only one angel, and Mark refers to a young man in white. How can we account for the discrepancy? There were indeed two angels who appeared as young men, but Matthew and Mark followed the common practice of mentioning only the angel who spoke.

Luke uses ὄρθρου βαθέως to express “at early dawn” in 24:1. Βαθέως translates literally as “deep” or “depths,” here referring to the lowest point or depth of the sun as it begins to rise. ὄρθρου expresses “dawn” and is related to the Greek word for mountain. Taken together, the meaning is clear. The women arrived at the tomb in the depths of the dawn. One can picture the sun rising slowly, hopefully, over the horizon. Since the Sabbath technically ended with sundown on Saturday in the Jewish reckoning, the women were free to arrive quite early on Sunday morning.

To express “perplexed” in 24:4, Luke uses ἀπορεῖσθαι. This verb is a combination of the alpha (α), indicating the opposite, and the verb for moving or walking. This verb form indicates that the women were so shocked by the presence of the angels as to be immobilized. The appearance of the angels would have been quite shocking, especially their dazzling apparel piercing the early dawn darkness.


  1. It’s noteworthy that the women carried spices along at all. The intent was noble, to apply the spices to curb the odor of normal decay in respect for Jesus. However, such behavior shows that the women expected to find Jesus dead, as He had been laid in the tomb, despite our Lord’s multiple predictions of resurrection. While commendable, bringing spices belies a lack of faith or at least of understanding. It would have been better to come with lawn chairs and snacks, fully anticipating Jesus’ exodus from the tomb.
  2. Despite their lack of certainty regarding Jesus’ prediction, the women deserve full credit for immediately telling the remaining eleven disciples (recall that Judas had hung himself). We can imagine the disappointment and perhaps frustration the women must have experienced when the apostles didn’t believe. We are often challenged to share the Gospel of Jesus Christ’s resurrection with the same immediacy as the women. When was the last time we shared this good news with the same degree of enthusiasm with which we might share news of an engagement, a new job, a cancer-free diagnosis, a win in the lottery, the birth of a baby, and the like?


Jesus kept His promise to die and rise again. The Lord also gives us other promises to which He will always be equally faithful.

  1. He will never leave us alone.

Be strong and courageous. Do not fear or be in dread of them, for it is the LORD your God who goes with you. He will not leave you or forsake you.

—Deuteronomy 31:6

  1. He will never push us away.

 All that the Father gives Me will come to Me, and whoever comes to Me I will never cast out.

—John 6:37

  1. He is faithful to forgive.

 If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

—1 John 1:9 

  1. There is meaning and purpose in the Christian life, even in the case of suffering.

And we know that for those who love God all things work together for good, for those who are called according to His purpose.

—Romans 8:28 

  1. In Christ, we have life eternal.

 Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever believes in Me, though he die, yet shall he live, and everyone who lives and believes in Me shall never die. Do you believe this?”

—John 11:25–26

Further explore the text and an original translation of Luke by Rev. Dr. Arthur Just!

Order Luke 9:51–24:53

Picture of Phil Rigdon
Written by

Phil Rigdon

The Rev. Dr. Philip Rigdon and his wife, Jamelyn, live in Kendallville, Indiana, with their two rabbits, Frankie and Buttons. He serves as pastor of St. John Lutheran Church and School in Kendallville. He enjoys writing, running, and playing guitar.

Subscribe to all CPH Blog topics (Worship, Read, Study, Teach, and Serve)