Learn about Jonah and, more importantly, how Jonah points toward Christ, with these study helps.
Introduction to Jonah
The Book of Jonah focuses on God’s mercy toward a foreign people and the reluctant prophet He sent to them. When Jesus prophesied His own suffering, death, and resurrection in Matthew 12, He pointed to the example of Jonah, who was punished for his disobedience, “buried” within the fish, and then raised to “life” when the fish vomited him up on dry land on the third day.
Authorship of Jonah
Jonah was written by the prophet Jonah himself. PURPOSE Jonah teaches us God’s mercy toward a Gentile nation who was an enemy of Israel. This shows God also is merciful toward all people—even those who act as enemies of His own people. Jonah also teaches God’s love for His servants, even those who are hesitant to do His will.
Outline of Jonah
For the purposes of this study, we will divide Jonah into seven scenes:
- Account of Jonah’s Call and His Reaction (1:1–3)
- On Board Ship in the Midst of a Storm at Sea (1:4–17)
- Inside the Great Fish (2:1–10)
- Yahweh Gives Jonah His Assignment a Second Time (3:1–3)
- Jonah Delivers the Message; Nineveh’s Response (3:4–10)
- Jonah’s Prayer in Nineveh (4:1–3)
- Jonah Sits outside the City of Nineveh; Yahweh Teaches a Lesson on Mercy (4:4–11)
For more resources on reading the book of Jonah, download this free reading guide.